Document Type : Original Articles
Pharmacodynamic and Biochemistry Laboratory, UFR Biosciences, University of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Institute of Ivory Coast, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
Objectives: The male infertility is on the increase worldwide; therefore, it is attracting more attention in several studies in order to improve its treatment management. The current study aimed at contributing to set up epidemiological and biological data and draw a general profile of male infertility in Côte d’Ivoire.Materials & Methods: The current prospective and descriptive study was conducted on 401 males` sperm obtained through masturbation after three days of abstinence. The analysis of the information in the cards accompanying the samples and the spermogram and spermocytogram analyses were used to collect the related data.Results: The average age of the males in the study was 39.97 years and the average duration of infertility was 6.66 years; 35.16% of the subjects were in the private sector and mostly composed of traders. Primary infertility was the leading cause of consultation in 55.61% of the cases. A significant relationship (P=0.03) between stress and azoospermia was highlighted, showing that males with stress were twice as likely to develop azoospermia (Odds Ratio=2.24). Results of the current study showed that in the vast majority, semen had several abnormalities with a high rate of associated abnormalities, 37.41%. However, among the isolated abnormalities, asthenozoospermia was the most prominent abnormality with a rate of 20.70%.Conclusion: This study shows that the sperms evaluated have many abnormalities, the most important of which is asthenozoospermia.