Testicular Activity of Mice Treated With MeOH Extract of Achyranthes aspera Leaves
Objectives: In India control of fertility is based on the folk use of numerous Indian Traditional Plants that has been practiced for contraception from many years. Present investigation aims that, to evaluate the contraceptive potential of Achyranthes aspera leaves MeOH extract in male albino mice and has shown promising results of antispermatogenic, antiandrogenic and hypolipidaemic activities.
Materials & Methods: MeOH extract of A. aspera leaves at the doses of 25 mg and 50 mg/100 gm body weight was administered orally for 30 days to adult male albino mice. On day 31st, the rats were sacrificed and the testis were removed and weighed for gravimetrical analysis. Organs were processed for biochemical estimation, histological evaluation and histomorphometry for testicular analysis.
Results: Treatment with A. aspera leaves extract resulted in decrease the weight of testis 0.925±0.015 significantly (P<0.05). Morphometric analysis like diameter of testis 2554.22±18.545 seminiferous tubules 247.074±8.051 and Leydig cells 7.842±0.248 were decreased significantly (P<0.05) at 50mg/100gm body weight when compare to control. Spermatogenic elements like, spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids in the testis were reduced significantly (P<0.05) as well as Leydig cells count in testis when compared to control. Biochemical analysis resulted as, protein, glycogen, and cholesterol content were decreased significantly (P<0.05) in testis of extracts treated mice, whereas alkaline phosphatase increased and acid phosphatase decreased when compared with that of control.
Conclusion: MeOH extract of A. aspera leaves arrest the spermatogenesis and inhibited testicular function in male mice without side effects to act as potential contraceptive.
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